BULAWAYO — Piles and piles of rotting vegetables at food markets situated at the heart of Zimbabwe’s second city’s central business district (CBD) would elsewhere be viewed as a sign of plenty.
But this southern African nation has not been spared the irony of wastage at a time of food shortages.
In Bulawayo’s sprawling vegetable market in the CBD, which provides a livelihood for hundreds of vendors, rotting vegetables have become the norm and a sign of the times too as rising inflation and poor wages mean there is not much money to go around.
With the country facing an ever-growing food crisis that has seen international appeals for humanitarian assistance, the lack of activity at vegetable markets in the country’s major cities highlights the challenges developing countries face with balancing food production and consumption.
“We cannot give away the vegetables just because we fear they will rot,” said Mihla Hadebe, who sells anything from tomatoes to cabbages, mangoes and cucumbers.
“Even if we lower prices, people just do not have the money that is why you see a lot of vegetables rotting like this.”
And this is happening at a time vendors say there is a shortage of vegetables that range from staples such as African kale, cabbages and tomatoes, and whose shortages have pushed up prices.
While a bunch of kale sold for $2 (about 1 US cent) in December, the price has now shot up to $5 (about 3 US cents), Hadebe said: “because there is nothing (available) where we buy these veggies. The farmers say there is no water.”
According to the Southern Africa Media in Agriculture Climate and Environment Trust and the Food and Agriculture Organisation, it is difficult to quantify the losses, but they acknowledge the wastage in Zimbabwe is quite huge.
Zimbabwe is one of many countries included in the Food Sustainability Index, created by the Barilla Centre for Food and Nutrition (Barilla) and the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), and the country has become the focus of concerns about under-nutrition amid a crippling drought blamed on climate uncertainty.
Vegetables are thrown away despite reminders by nutritionists of their value in daily consumption habits.
The 2018 Barilla report titled Fixing Food, noted that Zimbabwe was one of 11 African countries still lagging behind in “implementing health eating guidelines at national level.”
“Given the fact that about a third of the food the world produces is lost or thrown away, sustainable agriculture can only go so far. Tackling consumer food waste and post-harvest waste (the loss of fresh produce and crops before they reach consumer markets) will involve everything from changing consumption patterns to investing in infrastructure and deploying new digital technologies. None of this is easy,” the report noted.
“But while enough food is already being produced to feed the world’s population, ending hunger and meeting rising demand for food will not be possible without addressing this high level of food loss and waste.”
It comes at a time Zimbabwe seeks to address the growing problem of under-nutrition. The United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef) has already raised alarm about high levels of poor nutrition in the country, noting that the problem is especially worse among children and women.
“In Zimbabwe, nearly one in every three children under five are suffering from malnutrition, while 93% of children between six months and two years are not consuming the minimum acceptable diet,” Unicef Zimbabwe spokesperson, James Maiden said.
“Across the country about 34 000 children are critically suffering from acute malnutrition.”
While in urban and rural areas, families have long produced their food in community gardens, the projects have suffered because of extreme weather despite being fed by boreholes.
“What is happening is terrible. We have a borehole, but as you can see our vegetables are suffering under this heat,” said Judith Siziba, one of many women who plants vegetables for domestic consumption in the city of Bulawayo.
“There is nothing we can do, but watch. We thought even if there are no rains, the boreholes would offer us relief, but no.”
In the work of climate change groundwater levels have also been seriously affected further jeopardising the boreholes’ chances of offering relief to the agriculture sector to ensure food security.
Zimbabwe is one of many countries that have seen record high temperatures, throwing agriculture activity into uncertainty as food insecurity worsens.
This has affected diets amid poor salaries despite full supermarkets in a country that is home to some of Sub-Saharan African and the world’s hungriest populations.
The World Food Programme (WFP) says the number of people requiring food assistance continues to rise in Zimbabwe, stating that half the population — nearly eight million people — is now facing food insecurity. It has also raised concerns about under-nourishment for both children and adults.
“WFP is working towards doubling the number of people it assists in Zimbabwe. We aim to support 4,1 million people who are facing hunger,” WFP-Zimbabwe spokesperson Isheeta Sumra said.
“As things currently stand, we urgently need US$200 million to see us through till mid-2020. The situation is dire and we can foresee our needs growing over 2020.”
Nathan Hayes, an analyst with the EIU, believes the country has been slow in responding to the food and nutrition crisis.
“Making matters worse, poor rains have exacerbated the food crisis. This ongoing economic crisis means that social safety nets have been cut, leaving many families vulnerable and unable to afford sufficient food each day,” Hayes said. — IPS.